Why Re-Invent the Wheel ? ? ? ?

In this tutorial/walkthrough, I shall be providing you detailed instructions on how to compile and configure NAXSI on NGINX on Ubuntu 14.04 as the ubuntu standard repos have a very old version of NAXSI built NGINX  which I have personally found to be very buggy !


Schedule:

Part#1: Installation and basic configuration of NGINX-NAXSI

Part#2: Pumping the NGINX and NAXSI logs to ELASTICSEARCH

Part#3: Analyzing the logs and automated process of generating the false-positives and exclusions

Part#4: Conclusion


Requirements:

  • Ubuntu 14.04
  • GIT tools installed and setup on the server

Rest of the dependencies shall be provided below.


Step#1: Download Config Files

Ensure that you have the necessary tools handy that have been preconfigured to work with Ubuntu 14.04 from my GIT link: https://github.com/aarvee11/nginx_1.11.6-naxsi_latest

cd /tmp
git clone https://github.com/aarvee11/nginx_1.11.6-naxsi_latest.git

Step#2: Install Dependencies

As NAXSI and NGINX are being compiled from source, we will have to setup our server manually by installing all the dependencies below:

apt-get update
apt-get install automake gcc make pkg-config libtool g++ libfl-dev bison build-essential libbison-dev libyajl-dev liblmdb-dev libpcre3-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libgeoip-dev libxml2-dev libyajl2 libxslt-dev openssl libssl-dev libperl-dev libgd2-xpm-dev

Step#3: Download and Setup

Run the following commands as given below. Ensure that the necessary permissions are given.

I have a habit of playing risky by running the commands as “sudo su” but it’s not really safe to play that risky on a production machine. Please follow your best standards to get things running on the server !

cd /usr/src 
wget https://github.com/nbs-system/naxsi/archive/master.zip 
wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.11.6.tar.gz 
unzip master.zip 
tar -zxvf nginx-1.11.6.tar.gz 
git clone https://github.com/openresty/headers-more-nginx-module.git 
git clone https://github.com/flant/nginx-http-rdns.git 
cd /usr/src/nginx-1.11.6/ 
./configure --prefix=/etc/nginx \
 --add-module=/usr/src/naxsi/naxsi_src/ \
 --add-module=/usr/src/headers-more-nginx-module \
 --add-module=/usr/src/nginx-http-rdns/ \
 --with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fstack-protector \
 --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2' \
 --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro' \
 --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
 --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
 --with-debug --with-pcre-jit --with-ipv6 \
 --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_stub_status_module \
 --with-http_realip_module \
 --with-http_addition_module \
 --with-http_dav_module \
 --with-http_geoip_module \
 --with-http_gzip_static_module \ --with-http_image_filter_module \
 --with-http_sub_module \
 --with-http_xslt_module \
 --with-mail \
 --with-mail_ssl_module \
 --http-client-body-temp-path=/tmp/client_body_temp \
 --http-proxy-temp-path=/tmp/proxy_temp \
 --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/tmp/fastcgi_temp \
 --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/tmp/uwsgi_temp \
 --http-scgi-temp-path=/tmp/scgi_temp
make
make install

Step#4: Create/Copy Config files

Using the pre-configured steps provided in Step#1, we shall be now copying the files over to the correct locations as shown below:

cp /tmp/nginx_1.11.6-naxsi_latest/etc/init.d/nginx /etc/init.d/nginx
cp -r /tmp/nginx_1.11.6-naxsi_latest/nginx/conf/* /etc/nginx/conf/
ln -s /etc/nginx/sbin/nginx /usr/sbin/nginx
mkdir /etc/nginx/conf/sites-available
mkdir /etc/nginx/conf/sites-enabled
cp /usr/src/naxsi-master/naxsi_config/naxsi_core.rules /etc/nginx/conf/
mkdir /etc/nginx/conf/naxsi-whitelist/
touch /etc/nginx/conf/whitelist.conf

 Step#5: Configure your website on NGINX-NAXSI

You can use the sample configuration that can be found under “/tmp/nginx_1.11.6-naxsi_latest/nginx/sites-available” directory that has already been copied in the above step.

Edit the config file to match your requirements such as Site Name, Upstream IP/ Server etc. The sample has been provided below for quick reference:

server {
  listen 80 default_server;
  #listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;
  #root /var/www/nginx/html;
  #index index.html index.htm;
  # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
  server_name *.example.com; # Replace it with your website hostname. * is wildcard.
  set $naxsi_extensive_log 1;
  location / {
    # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
    include /etc/nginx/conf/naxsi.rules;
    include /etc/nginx/conf/naxsi-whitelist/*.rules;
    #try_files $uri $uri/ @rewrite;
    proxy_pass http://127.0.1.80:8000;
    proxy_http_version 1.1;
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_set_header Connection close;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    # Comment the below line if there is already an upstream reverse proxy server that is setting the actual client IP
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
  }
}

Once the configuration is complete, run the command below to create a symlink of the config file in sites-enabled directory so that NGINX can be pick it up

cd /etc/nginx/conf/sites-enabled
ls -s ../sites-available/<virtual-host-config-file> .

Conclusion:

With all the above steps, we are now ready to deploy our Web Application in a Alert-Only mode which start scanning our incoming web requests and starts generating events that trigger a lot of events.

In the upcoming second part, I shall be providing detailed steps on how to setup the logging for NGINX and NAXSI using Elasticsearch.


As always I say:

Keep Defending !

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